The Black Hand
An ethnic phenomenon beginning in 1903, and lasting over fifteen years. The extortion of wealthy Italians in New York City was attributed to ‘La Mano Nera’.
Maﬁa: The Morello Gang
The Morello gang was the first Mafia family of New York, led by ‘boss-of-bosses’ Giuseppe Morello. The family was eventually broken after its leadership was jailed following an investigation by the Secret Service.
Camorra: The Navy Street Gang
The Neapolitans, based in Brooklyn and Coney Island, fought for control of the New York rackets. Eventually decimated when it’s own members turned against them.