Please note, this web­site is being updat­ed as of June 2022. Any pages with­out foot­notes should be con­sid­ered out-of-date and pos­si­bly inaccurate. 


Gan­grule is a look at the emer­gence of orga­nized crime in New York through 1900 – 1920, lead­ing up to the well doc­u­ment­ed pro­hi­bi­tion era.

The data­base of his­toric events, fam­i­ly his­to­ries and pho­tographs is based on research from pri­ma­ry sources includ­ing police, fed­er­al, court, immi­gra­tion, busi­ness, and prison records.

Rec­om­mend­ed reading:

Dave Critch­ley. ‘The Ori­gin of Orga­nized Crime in Amer­i­ca’ Critch­ley exam­ines the Mafia recruit­ment process, rela­tions with Mafias in Sici­ly, the role of non-Sicilians in New York’s orga­nized crime fam­i­lies, kin­ship con­nec­tions, the Black Hand, the impact of Pro­hi­bi­tion, and alle­ga­tions that a ‘new’ Mafia was cre­at­ed in 1931

Tom Hunt. https://mafiahistory.us. Decades of research into the his­to­ry of Amer­i­can orga­nized crime. 

Informer. https://informer-journal.blogspot.com The his­to­ry of Amer­i­can Crime and law enforcement.

Justin Cas­cio. https://mafiagenealogy.wordpress.com. Exten­sive Cor­leone Mafia genealogy.

The Mob Arche­ol­o­gists. https://www.youtube.com/@themobarcheologists503. A panel of Cosa Nos­tra his­to­ri­ans dis­cussing the Mafia as a for­mal enti­ty using a com­par­a­tive and evidence-based historical-sociological framework.