The Struggle for Control

1910 – 1918. A long run­ning bat­tle between New York’s gangs to con­trol the city’s lucra­tive rackets.

Navy St Gang
Navy St Gang

The Gangs of New York

The five largest Ital­ian gangs in New York in the 1910s were the Sicil­ian Morel­lo gang in Harlem, the Neapoli­tan Navy Street gang head­ed by Leopol­do Lau­ri­tano and Alle­san­dro Vollero, the Neapoli­tan Coney Island gang head­ed by Pel­li­gri­no Mora­no. A Sicil­ian gang lead by Cola Schi­ro in Brook­lyn, main­ly com­prised of Castel­lam­mare Del Golfo immi­grants. Anoth­er Brook­lyn gang was head­ed by Man­fre­di Mineo, and the final gang was based in Harlem, in the same ter­ri­to­ry as the Morel­los, head­ed by a Sal­va­tore ‘Toto’ D’Aquila.

The writ­ings of Nico­la Gen­tile, describe D’Aquila as more feared than respect­ed, exceed­ing­ly fero­cious, crafty and ambi­tious. Gen­tile went on to note that since Morel­lo’s 25 year sen­tence ’ his posi­tion had been entrust­ed by The Gen­er­al Assem­bly to Toto D’Aquila’. Amongst the Ital­ian gangs of New York, D’Aquila was now con­sid­ered the boss.

Sal­va­tore Clemen­ti, a Secret Ser­vice infor­mant, explained the situation.

there are four gangs, that three of them are work­ing togeth­er: the Man­fre­di gang, the gang head­ed by Nico­la Schi­ro, both of Brook­lyn, and the Lomon­ti gang of Harlem; that the fourth gang, led by D’Aquila of Harlem, is opposed by the other three gangs; that men have been shot on account of the feud between these gangs in all prob­a­bil­i­ty; that no doubt there will be more shoot­ing soon.

With Giuseppe Morel­lo behind bars, and his case for appeal reject­ed, lead­er­ship of the Morel­lo gang need­ed to be resolved. The Ter­ra­no­va broth­ers, Ciro, Vin­cent and Nicholas were aged 23, 25 and 21, respec­tive­ly, at the time of the 1911 appeal hear­ing. Other pos­si­ble can­di­dates were the Lomonte broth­ers, For­tu­na­to and Tomas­so, cousins of Giuseppe Morel­lo. They held a hay and feed busi­ness at 2103 1st Avenue, on the junc­tion of E108th Street and also had con­nec­tions with Gio­sue Gallucci.

For­tu­na­to Lomonte was killed on May 23rd 1914. He left his busi­ness premis­es on the Sat­ur­day morn­ing and was walk­ing along E108th Street when he was shot in the back with three bul­lets. The killer had appeared from the hall­way of a ten­e­ment, then escaped by return­ing to the hall­way and vault­ing a fence at the rear of the build­ing. Lomon­te’s friends drove him to Harlem Hos­pi­tal where he was revived. Detec­tive John Cas­set­ti pushed Lomonte for the killers name, but Lomonte refused to name his killer before he fell uncon­scious and died.

Accord­ing to Nico­la Gen­tile, the killers were Umber­to Valen­ti and Accur­sio Dimi­no, sent by ‘Toto’ D’Aquila who was look­ing to remove the power of Lomonte. Gen­tile described Lomonte as hav­ing ‘the absolute pre­dom­i­nance in the quar­ter around 106th Street’, but the killing may have also been for the recent killing of D’Aquila’s friend Giuseppe Fontana, a long time Morel­lo asso­ciate who had defect­ed from the weak­en­ing gang.

Tomas­so Lomonte, For­tu­na­to’s broth­er, was shot and killed a year later. The news­pa­pers report­ed Tomas­so giv­ing the fol­low­ing state­ment to Act­ing
Capt. Jones of the Third Branch Detec­tive Bureau before his death:

I don’t know who got my broth­er and the boss [Gal­luc­ci], but I am not tak­ing any chances.

Sicilians & Neapolitans

Joseph DeMar­co was a Harlem gang­ster with known con­nec­tions in the gam­bling world. Described in records as ‘5ft6, medi­um build, very dark com­plex­ion, wears a blue suit with a scarf pin made of a sap­phire sur­round­ed with diamonds.’

He was orig­i­nal­ly an ally of the Morel­lo fam­i­ly, this was shown when they had worked togeth­er to plan a mur­der in July 1912. DeMar­co had pre­vi­ous­ly killed a doc­tor in New York for becom­ing involved with his girl­friend, an Ital­ian actress. He then worked with Nick Ter­ra­no­va and For­tu­na­to Lomonte to plan the girls murder.

His rela­tion­ship with the Morel­lo gang faded after he had arranged the killing of a ‘De Mar­ti­ni’ on E108th Street. DeMar­co attempt­ed to kill Nick Ter­ra­no­va in Harlem, but his effort failed. Two sep­a­rate attempts were then made on his own life: he had been walk­ing past 112th St and 1st Av in April 1913, when he was shot in the neck from behind a fence. DeMar­co almost died from his wounds but sur­geons in Harlem Hos­pi­tal were able to save his life. The sec­ond attempt, in July 1914, was made when he was being shaved in a bar­bers on E106th near 3rd Av, when two men fired at him with sawn off shot­guns. More than a dozen slugs entered his body, but he later recovered.

DeMar­co left Harlem and moved down­town. In Novem­ber 1915, he opened a restau­rant at 163 W 49th Street, and later opened sev­er­al gam­bling rooms in Mul­ber­ry Street and one locat­ed at 54 James Street.

On June 24th 1916, a meet­ing took place at Coney Island between the Sicil­ian Morel­lo gang, the Neapoli­tan Navy Street gang and the Neapoli­tan Coney Island gang. The idea of the meet­ing was to dis­cuss the expan­sion of gam­bling dens in lower Man­hat­tan. Pel­li­gri­no Mora­no, from Coney Island, began talk­ing about the lucra­tive Ital­ian zicchinet­ta card games. Nick Ter­ra­no­va, now head­ing the Morel­lo fam­i­ly, and Steve LaSalle explained that Joe DeMar­co would have to be killed before they could expand in the area. The Brook­lyn gang also had an inter­est in killing DeMar­co as he had recent­ly taken over one their games on Mull­ber­ry Street.

Around three weeks later Nick Ter­ra­no­va, Steve LaSalle, Ciro Ter­ra­no­va and Giuseppe Ver­iz­zano trav­elled to Navy Street to dis­cuss the plan to kill DeMar­co. Ver­iz­zano, who worked with DeMar­co, was intro­duced as the man who would be able to help kill him. The Morel­los were too well known for them to use their own gun­men. So togeth­er they cre­at­ed a plan where Ver­iz­zano would get the Navy Street gun­men in to the James Street gam­bling den, where he would then secret­ly iden­ti­fy DeMar­co as the man to be shot.

John ‘The Painter’ Fetto was orig­i­nal­ly cho­sen as the gun­man for the job, but he was slow to arrive at James Street at the cor­rect time, DeMar­co had already left the build­ing. The gangs then planned the killing for a sec­ond time.

On the morn­ing of July 20th 1916, Louis the Wop, Nick Sassi, Steve LaSalle and Ciro Ter­ra­no­va all trav­elled from Harlem to the Navy Street café. They were wor­ried that a friend of DeMar­co, called Joe ‘Chuck’ Naz­zaro, might be present at James Street which would cause a prob­lem for the gun­men. So Leopol­do Lau­ri­tano arranged for Lefty Espos­i­to, anoth­er Navy Street gun­man, to go along on the job.

That after­noon, the Navy Street gun­men, Pagano, Espos­i­to and Fetto, made their way to a saloon on Eliz­a­beth Street to await their sig­nal to move. At around five o’clock, Ver­iz­zano arrived at the saloon and noti­fied them that Demar­co had arrived at James Street. Nick Sassi, an employ­ee of Demar­co, but also friend of the Navy Street gang, got the gun­men inside. They made their way through a kitchen and in to a back room. Joe DeMar­co and Charles Lom­bar­di were sat next to each other play­ing cards with sev­er­al other men, numer­ous spec­ta­tors sat around watch­ing the card game.

Ver­iz­zano sat down oppo­site DeMar­co to help iden­ti­fy him to the gun­men who were now stand­ing watch­ing the game. Nick Sassi and Rocco Valen­ti from Navy Street wait­ed out­side to help aid their escape. Espos­i­to and Pagano mis­read the sig­nals from Ver­iz­zano and shot and killed Charles Lom­bar­di by mis­take, but Ver­iz­zano man­aged to kill DeMar­co him­self. The gun­men made their escape through the bed­room win­dow into Oliv­er Street.

That evening Nick, Ciro and Vin­cent Ter­ra­no­va, Steve LaSalle and Ver­iz­zano all trav­elled to Navy Street. They con­grat­u­lat­ed Lau­ri­tano on the news that DeMar­co had final­ly been killed, and gave him $50 to pass on to the Navy Street gunmen.

Sketch of DeMarco killing
Sketch of DeMarco killing

After the removal of DeMar­co, the Camor­ra devised a plan to kill the Morel­los. Even though the two gangs had worked along­side each other for some­time, Mora­no want­ed them dead. Mora­no had been run­ning a pol­i­cy game in Harlem, the realm of the Morel­lo fam­i­ly, but could not make it pay enough to cover the trib­ute that the Morel­los demand­ed, anoth­er fac­tor was the killing of Nico­la Del Gau­dio, in 1914, had angered Alle­san­dro Vollero. The Neopoli­tans believed they could taken over the Harlem rack­ets if they could elim­i­nate the Morel­lo gang. They hatched a plan where they would try and lure the entire Morel­lo lead­er­ship down to Brook­lyn and ambush them.

On Sep­tem­ber 7th 1916, Nicholas Ter­ra­no­va and Eugene Ubri­a­co trav­elled down­town to meet with the Navy Street gang. Ralph Daniel­lo served the men drinks before Pagano arrived to take them to a cof­fee house where Lau­ri­tano and Mora­no were wait­ing. The men walked togeth­er towards Myr­tle Avenue when they were ambushed at the junc­tion of John­son Street and Hud­son Avenue. Nicholas Ter­ra­no­va was shot dead by Tom Pagano, and Ubri­a­co was slain by Thomas Car­il­lo and Lefty Esposito.

After the police arrived they searched Morel­lo’s body, and found a bank book for New York Pro­duce Exchange Bank, Harlem, show­ing a bal­ance of $1,865. Detec­tives from the Sixth Branch bureau then arrived, includ­ing Michael Meal­li, who had been under the pay of the Navy Street gang. Meal­li arrest­ed Rocco Valente, after he had been found in a local pool hall with a loaded pis­tol. Later that evening Ciro Ter­ra­no­va was called to iden­ti­fy his broth­ers body. The Neapoli­tans were dis­ap­point­ed that more mem­bers of the Morel­lo gang had not trav­elled down from Harlem, Steve LaSalle had been under arrest at the time of the ambush, oth­er­wise he would have been anoth­er like­ly casu­al­ty of the attack.

Scene after the Terranova/Ubriaco killing.
Scene after the Terranova/Ubriaco killing.

Alle­san­dro Vollero was arrest­ed the fol­low­ing day and put in police line­up. Wit­ness­es to the mur­der were asked to iden­ti­fy him but he was released nine­teen days later.

Giuseppe Ver­razano, who already had his own card games in Ken­mare St, began to con­tem­plate open­ing a new gam­bling house, this news did not sit well with the Navy Street gang who began to plot his death. One day Ver­iz­zano spot­ted Loren­zo Lic­cari, from the Coney Island gang, sit­ting inside Frank Fer­rara’s café on Grand Street. He began to sneak around the side of the café to kill Lic­cari, but he was spot­ted before he man­aged to shoot.

On Octo­ber 5th 1916, Andrea Ricci sur­ren­dered him­self to the police for ques­tion­ing, but this was also to pro­vide him­self with an alibi for the events about to occur the fol­low­ing day.

On Octo­ber 6th 1916, Charles Gior­dano from Stat­en Island, a pol­i­cy man, saloon owner and friend of the Neapoli­tans made plans for the killing of Ver­iz­zano. Alphon­so Sgroia, Mike Notaro, Ralph Daniel­lo and John Manci­ni trav­elled to Man­hat­tan where Gior­dano locat­ed Ver­iz­zano in the Ital­ian Gar­dens restau­rant in the Occi­den­tal Hotel, Broome Street. Sgroia and Notaro stood by the door shoot­ing into the estab­lish­ment. Ver­iz­zano was hit and killed. The Navy Street gun­men escaped, one into the Bow­ery and one into Broome Street.

Sal­va­tore DeMar­co, broth­er to the slain Joseph DeMar­co, was found dead in a clump of weeds in a lot in Wash­ing­ton Avenue, near William St, Asto­ria. His body was dis­cov­ered on Fri­day 13th Octo­ber 1916. His skull had been smashed some­time before the body was dropped, and his throat was cut once he had been dumped. He had been liv­ing above his broth­ers restau­rant at 163 W 49th Street, how­ev­er he had sold the restau­rant at auc­tion on Octo­ber 11th a few days before his mur­der. News­pa­pers claimed that he was about to tell the police all he knew about his broth­ers killers and the lat­est shoot­ings, and this was the rea­son for his vio­lent death.

The Morel­lo gang and the Brook­lyn Camor­ra were at all out war. The Camor­ra hatched var­i­ous plans to wipe out the remains of the Morel­lo lead­er­ship, but they were either foiled or were never com­plet­ed, how­ev­er four asso­ciates of the Morel­lo gang were mur­dered by the Camor­ra in Philadelphia.

The Navy Street gang pros­pered by tak­ing over the Morel­lo busi­ness­es for a short peri­od. This was proved later in 1918 by a Harlem gam­bler, who tes­ti­fied that for a short peri­od he had to trav­el to Brook­lyn each week to have his books checked. The Camor­ra tried to move in on the arti­choke busi­ness, but the whole­sale deal­ers refused to give in to their threats, even­tu­al­ly a deal was struck where a ‘tax’ of twen­ty five dol­lars was paid on every car load of arti­chokes that were deliv­ered. Coal and ice mer­chants also proved hard to threat­en, and the Camor­ra’s busi­ness gains were not as large as they had expected.

George Espos­i­to, body­guard to Gae­tano Del Gau­dio was killed whilst he walked down E108th Street on 8th Novem­ber, 1916. Later that month, at 3am Novem­ber 30th Gae­tano Del Gau­dio was shot and killed. He had been serv­ing cof­fee to two men in his restau­rant at 2031 1st Av, when he was blast­ed by a shot­gun that been placed against the his restau­rant win­dow. He was taken to the Flower Hos­pi­tal where he claimed to know the iden­ti­ty of his killer, but refused to name him.

Antho­ny ‘The Shoe­mak­er’ Paret­ti told the Navy Street gang that he had seen DeMar­co’s old friend Joseph ‘Chuck’ Naz­zaro talk­ing to the Morel­lo gang. As a result of this, Naz­zaro was shot and killed in Yonkers, on March 16th 1917. Fevro­la, Sgroia, and the Paret­ti broth­ers, all from the Navy Street gang, lured Naz­zaro out to Yonkers under the pre­tence of killing Fevro­la for giv­ing the police infor­ma­tion about the gang. The men then shot Naz­zaro and left his body on the trol­ley tracks.

Joe ‘Chuck’ Nazzaro
Joe ‘Chuck’ Nazzaro

In May 1917, a very impor­tant event took place that would begin the break­down and unrav­el­ing of the long feud between the Morel­los and the Camor­ra. Ralph ‘The Bar­ber’ Daniel­lo, a mem­ber of the Navy Street gang, had been in court charged with rob­bery and abduc­tion, he was released before elop­ing to Reno with his new love, Ms Amelia Valve from Prospect Street, South Brook­lyn. He sent let­ters to his for­mer Camor­ra gang ask­ing for money to be sent to him, but his requests were ignored. The police even­tu­al­ly tracked Daniel­lo down in Reno and brought him back to Brooklyn.

Indict­ments were brought against Daniel­lo on the charge of mur­der, grand lar­ce­ny and per­jury. He began to tell the police every­thing he knew about the Navy Street crew and the recent mur­ders in New York. When the police realised the extent of Daniel­lo’s con­fes­sions he was sent to the office of DA Edward Swann.

For the next ten days, Daniel­lo told his story of the mur­ders span­ning the last ten years. He went on to con­fess to his gangs involve­ment in the killings of both the DeMar­co broth­ers, Nicholas Ter­ra­no­va and the ‘Chuck’ Naz­zaro killing in Yonkers.

On Novem­ber 27th, Daniel­lo was arraigned with John Espos­i­to, Alle­san­dro Vollero and Alphon­so Sgroia, and other mem­bers of the Navy Street gang who had been arrest­ed based on infor­ma­tion from Daniel­lo’s con­fes­sions. Also arraigned as mate­r­i­al wit­ness­es were Ciro Ter­ra­no­va, Vin­cent Ter­ra­no­va and Nicholas Arra, all were held on $15,000 bail.

Accord­ing to the tes­ti­mo­ny by Daniel­lo, Sicil­ians and Neapoli­tans were formed loose­ly in three main bands and con­trolled the rack­ets across New York. The bands were based in Harlem, down­town Mul­ber­ry bend and the last band cov­er­ing Brook­lyn and Coney Island.

On Novem­ber 30th 1917, the Grand Jury under Judge Nott hand­ed out twelve indict­ments against the killing of Joseph DeMar­co and Charles Lom­bar­di. Five indict­ments had already been hand­ed out against the mur­der of Sal­va­tore DeMar­co, and anoth­er four in the case of ‘Chuck’ Naz­zaro. Since the begin­ning of Daniel­lo’s con­fes­sions the police had been watch­ing New York’s ports to make sure no gang mem­bers escaped conviction.

Edward Swann sent Henry Renaud, head of homi­cide, off to Chica­go to arrest some of the indict­ed. Swann also began work­ing with Harry Lewis, the Kings Coun­ty DA, to secure fur­ther con­vic­tions in Brook­lyn. The tri­als that fol­lowed in 1918 com­plete­ly smashed the Navy Street gang, the pro­tec­tion that they enjoyed was demol­ished from the tes­ti­monies of their own men. It was the end of the Camor­ra in New York and the sway of power fell back to the Mafia.

The Trials

Rocco Valen­ti was arrest­ed on Jan­u­ary 26th 1918, in Troy New York for com­plic­i­ty in the DeMarco/Lombardi killing. He was jailed for ten months, before being dis­charged in Novem­ber 1918. He later appeared in court to tes­ti­fy in the appeal of Charles Gior­dano in March 1919.

Alle­san­dro Vollero, was tried for first degree mur­der in on Feb­ru­ary 15th 1918, in the case of Nicholas Ter­ra­no­va and Eugene Ubri­a­co. Ralph Daniel­lo tes­ti­fied against Vollero, and stat­ed that the gang paid money to a Detec­tive named Michael Meal­li. Meal­li was reduced in rank and assigned to patrol duty. Judge Kap­per was taken ill on Feb­ru­ary 18th, caus­ing a mis­tri­al to be declared. Vollero was retried on March 4th and was sen­tenced to life at Sing Sing prison.

Pel­li­gri­no Mora­no, leader of the Coney Island fac­tion, was con­vict­ed of mur­der in the sec­ond degree, and sen­tenced to Sing Sing from twen­ty years to life.

Leopol­do Lau­ri­tano, received a twen­ty one year sen­tence for manslaugh­ter in 1918. On 12th Jan­u­ary 1926, after serv­ing only seven and a half years, Lau­ri­tano was paroled from Sing Sing. He was imme­di­ate­ly rear­rest­ed under an indict­ment that had been served in 1918 in con­nec­tion with the mur­der of Ver­iz­zano. On Thurs­day 14th, Judge Selah B. Strong, dis­charged Lau­ri­tano on a writ of habeas cor­pus. An action that caused an open argu­ment between the Kings Coun­ty DA, Charles Dodd, and Judge Strong.

Lau­ri­tano returned to court in Feb­ru­ary 1927, he was tried at the Brook­lyn Supreme Court under Judge James Cropsey. He was charged with per­jury dur­ing the trial of Antho­ny Paret­ti, where he had stat­ed he did not know the defen­dant or his asso­ciates. The ADA, James Cuff, man­aged to pro­duce a photo of Lau­ri­tano in the Navy Street café with fel­low gang mem­bers, thus prov­ing his tes­ti­mo­ny false. Lau­ri­tano received five years in Sing Sing.

Charles Gior­dano, the saloon keep­er from Tomp­kinsville S.I. was put on trial on April 27th, 1918. He was charged with plot­ting the killing of Giuseppe Ver­razano in Octo­ber 1916. Anto­nio Notaro and Ralph Daniel­lo, from the Navy Street gang, tes­ti­fied against Gior­dano. Notaro was quot­ed as say­ing ‘Gior­dano told us that Ver­iz­zano had to be killed that night. When I said that I did not want to kill a man with­out orders from my boss, Gior­dano said he would do the job him­self but that I would die the next day for refus­ing, then I changed my mind’.

Alphon­so Sgroia, from the Navy Street gang, was sen­tenced on June 17th 1918, he received twelve years in Dan­nemo­ra for manslaugh­ter in the case of Nicholas Ter­ra­no­va. Sgroia went on to tes­ti­fy against his fel­low gun­men Paret­ti and Fevro­la, he was reward­ed with a short­er sen­tence and depor­ta­tion to Italy.

John Espos­i­to and Anto­nio Notaro were sen­tenced in June 1918, from 6 to 10 years each in the case of Nicholas Ter­ra­no­va and Eugene Ubriaco.

Ciro Ter­ra­no­va was tried for com­plic­i­ty in June 1918, in con­nec­tion with the DeMarco/Lombardi killing. John­ny Espos­i­to, the killer of Lom­bar­di, tes­ti­fied against Ter­ra­no­va, but he was acquit­ted due to lack of cor­rob­o­ra­tion when it was ten­u­ous­ly proved that Espos­i­to and Ter­ra­no­va were part of the same gang.

Ralph Daniel­lo was moved to a dif­fer­ent prison due the abuse he received after he tes­ti­fied at the trial of Vollero, he also received a sus­pend­ed sen­tence in view of his tes­ti­mo­ny. His free­dom was short lived when he was later arrest­ed for assault­ing a man in Coney Island, Daniel­lo claimed he had shot the vic­tim think­ing that he had been sent from the Navy Street gang on a vendet­ta. Daniel­lo was sen­tenced to five years in prison. After his release in 1925 he was shot in his saloon, near Metuchen, New Jersey.

Frank Fevro­la, on April 18th 1921, was tried for the mur­der of Joe ‘Chuck’ Naz­zaro in 1917. Judge Tomp­kins found Fevro­la guilty and sen­tenced him to the death house at Sing Sing. His con­vic­tion was large­ly due to his wife’s tes­ti­mo­ny against him. On April 14th 1922, a notice was served on DA Weeks, that a motion would be made to grant a retri­al on the case of Fevro­la. His wife had with­drawn all her pre­vi­ous state­ments made against him, say­ing she had been threat­ened and bribed by the police. DA Weeks tried to oppose the retri­al by rub­bish­ing Tessie Fevro­la’s new affi­davit. On May 23rd 1922, Jus­tice Tomp­kins denied any motion for a retri­al. On May 29th 1923, lawyer Thomas O’Neil made a last minute attempt to save Fevro­la from exe­cu­tion. His request for a retri­al was again put before Supreme Court Jus­tice Tomp­kins. On Thurs­day 28th June 1923, with seven hours left until his exe­cu­tion and in a state of col­lapse, Fevro­la received a reprieve, spar­ing his life until Octo­ber 7th. The death sen­tence was even­tu­al­ly commuted.

Aniel­lio Paret­ti of 23 Sher­man Av, Brook­lyn, was tried for the mur­der of Joe ‘Chuck’ Naz­zaro in 1917. In Novem­ber 1921, Aniel­lio was sen­tenced to the death house in Sing Sing. His lawyer imme­di­ate­ly appealed against the deci­sion, and on Jan­u­ary 3rd 1923 the Court of Appeals ordered a retri­al. DA Weeks then had the indict­ment dropped, and Paret­ti was a free man. He was released from Sing Sing in July 1923.

Paretti note
Paretti note

Antho­ny Paret­ti, of 23 Skill­man Av, Brook­lyn, was sen­tenced to Sing Sing death house for his part in the slay­ing of Nicholas Ter­ra­no­va and Eugene Ubri­a­co. Paret­ti orig­i­nal­ly fled to Italy to escape cap­ture. He returned to New York in March 1926, think­ing that most of the wit­ness­es against him would be gone. How­ev­er, he was tried and con­vict­ed of mur­der in the first degree. His broth­er Aniel­lio Paret­ti, who had been released from Sing Sing in July 1923, came to visit sev­er­al times. On the six weeks lead­ing up to his exe­cu­tion, War­den Lawes ordered the prison front guard­ed 24 hours a day, rather than the usual 16 hours. On Feb­ru­ary 9th, 1927 Paret­ti was exam­ined, declared sane and fit for exe­cu­tion. He was report­ed to be exert­ing pow­er­ful pres­sure upon politi­cians to get his sen­tence com­mut­ed to life impris­on­ment. On the day of exe­cu­tion, the usual elec­tro­car­dio­gram was not given due to lack of arrange­ments. He was elec­tro­cut­ed at the age of 35 on 17th Feb­ru­ary 1927. One of the last men to visit Paret­ti before his death was a young Vito Genovese.