The Morello and Lupo Trial

by Jon Black

The Secret Service begin to track the Morello gang under suspicion of counterfeiting, leading to the downfall of the gangs leaders.

Comito the Printer

Antonio Comito was born in 1880, in Catanzaro, Calabria. He had pre­vi­ous­ly worked as a print­er before leav­ing for New York in June, 1907. Whilst liv­ing at 72 James Street, he found work in the city as a print­er based on Park Row. Comito was appoint­ed Supreme Deputy of a soci­ety called the ‘Sons of Italy’, a sup­port group for recent­ly arrived Italian immi­grants to America. Through friends in the soci­ety he met Antonio Cecala, a Sicilian who was look­ing for help with some new print­ing work. 

The two men met at Brooklyn bridge around November 7th, 1908, and went shop­ping for print­ing sup­plies. They were accom­pa­nied by a man named Antonio Milone, a long time asso­ciate of the Morello gang, Milone had been list­ed in the incor­po­ra­tion of their Ignatz Florio Co-Operative back in 1902. Together the men pur­chased some mate­ri­als from a pho­to­graph­ic store on Nassau Street, and Comito helped them buy a print­ing press from his old work place for $25.

Later Comito was intro­duced to Cecala’s god­son, Salvatore Cina, togeth­er the three men load­ed the new print­ing press onto a wag­on along with Comito’s per­son­al belong­ings. The wag­on was dri­ven by a man called Nick Sylvester a friend of the young Terranova broth­ers and ex-employ­ee of Ignazio Lupo’s failed Mott Street store. The four men, along with Comito’s female part­ner Katrina Pascuzzo, board­ed the fer­ry at pier twen­ty four to begin the jour­ney out of New York. Later that night they arrived in Highland, then trav­el­ling south to a fruit farm owned by Salvatore Cina. The farm was a 42 acre plot with two hous­es, three hay barns and a sta­ble. At the farm Comito was intro­duced to Cina’s broth­er-in-law Vincenzo Giglio.

Comito and Katrina stayed at Cina’s farm for a mon­th, liv­ing in a sec­ond build­ing, a short dis­tance from the main house. Cina and Giglio lat­er took them to a dif­fer­ent build­ing five miles away called ‘Calhoun Farm’. It was from this farm that the gang would begin their work of print­ing coun­ter­feit bills, a fact still unknown to Comito, who knew noth­ing about the ille­gal nature of the work. Comito and Katrina were left alone on the farm, they remained there over the Christmas peri­od. They received reg­u­lar food sup­plies from Cina’s farm, main­ly sim­ple things like pota­toes and fruit. 

Back in New York on 237th Street, Antonio Milone, who had helped with the pur­chase of the pho­to­graph­ic equip­ment, was cre­at­ing a set print­ing plates for the gang. Making the coun­ter­feit plates was a slow and tedious, but high­ly skilled, process. Milone cre­at­ed plates for a five colour, Canadian $5 bill, and a three colour, American $2 bill. The engrav­ings took him months to com­plete, but some­time around the mid­dle of December 1908 the plates were final­ly ready.

Cecala returned to Calhoun farm with the coun­ter­feit plates, print­ing paper, and a green ink suit­able for repli­cat­ing the Canadian notes. With all the mate­ri­als deliv­ered, and the print­ing press installed, the gang was ready to begin. It was now that Comito realised exact­ly what the work involved, until now he had been kept in the dark. He recalled a state­ment from Cecala:

There are twen­ty of us who have orga­nized this affair. Others high­er up in famous places know if it. They will receive their share. Should any­thing slip and we get into trou­ble there will be thou­sands of dol­lars for lawyers and we will be freed. We will respect you as one of us, and Katrina shall have respect at all times. When we have made mil­lions, she will be sent to Italy with mon­ey of her own. But you, Don Antonio, you will stay with us for life. We are big, big­ger than you know. You will know per­haps, lat­er on, about the many branch­es of our soci­ety, and how it is pos­si­ble for us to do things in one part of the coun­try or world and have the oth­er half of the affair car­ried out so far away that no sus­pi­cion can pos­si­bly come to us. After you have obeyed and seen some inkling of our pow­er, you will be glad to become one of us.

The Print Work

In January 1909, test work began on the Canadian $5 notes. After the green side of the notes were com­plete they began work on adding the next colour. Between each of the print runs Comito gave Giglio print­ed proofs rolled up in news­pa­per which were mailed to New York to be checked for qual­i­ty. After three days a mes­sage would be sent back to sig­nal if the work was of a suit­able stan­dard.

During January, Cecala arrived at the farm­house and explained that the print­ing had to be sped up as the gang had received an order from Brooklyn for $20,000 incoun­ter­feits, and also that Giuseppe Morello had received a let­ter from Ignazio Lupo ask­ing to see proofs of the new notes. 

The gang com­plet­ed the Canadian bills in late January. $16,000 was tight­ly packed into emp­ty mac­a­roni box­es, and work imme­di­ate­ly began on the green side of the US $2 bills. Comito had trou­ble mix­ing the cor­rect hue of green ink for the work, so he and Cecala trav­eled to New York to find help. 

Whilst in New York, they went to 630 E138th Street, the home and office of Giuseppe Morello. When they arrived Morello com­plained to Cecala about Comito’s pres­ence, he was wor­ried about the fact that there had been arrests made only two nights pre­vi­ous­ly, and that he was con­stant­ly being watched by the police. The gang found help in Antonio Milone, the engraver of the coun­ter­feit plates, who would trav­el to Calhoun farm and help them with the print­ing of the US $2 bills.

Throughout February, Comito, Cecala and Giglio con­tin­ued work on the US $2 bills. One night they were vis­it­ed by Cina, Sylvester, Lupo and a man named Giuseppe Palermo. Lupo, who arrived in a fur lined coat, bought along two revolvers, ammu­ni­tion and some hunt­ing rifles. Comito’s part­ner, Katrina, cooked din­ner for the men, who then slept before check­ing the qual­i­ty of the coun­ter­feit notes in the morn­ing.

After the approval was given, Nick Sylvester returned to New York, but Lupo stayed at the farm for three days. He was not­ed to be often out on the farm­land hunt­ing with his rifles. During his stay Lupo trav­elled to Highland to make tele­phone calls, the calls were logged as going to Baltimore, New York and Hoboken. He also vis­it­ed a hard­ware store in Highland and opened an account under the false name of ‘Salvatore Saracina’.

At the end of February the gang had print­ed $10,000 in the US cur­ren­cy. Cecala and Cina trav­elled to Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, Kansas City and Pittsburgh to try and sell the coun­ter­feits. They only man­aged to sell $4,000 for $800 in return. The qual­i­ty of the coun­ter­feits was prov­ing too poor to sell, the plates pro­duced by Antonio Milone were just not good enough to print from.

Comito trav­elled to Cina’s farm by wag­on, car­ry­ing the Canadian mon­ey that had been print­ed in January. At the farm he met Morello, Lupo, Palermo, Cecala, Cina and Giglio. Angry at the recent fail­ure to sell the cur­ren­cy they told him he print­ed ‘a shit like mate­ri­al which was of no use’. Lupo claimed they should ‘burn the mon­ey on Comito’s head’. Morello decid­ed that they would con­tin­ue the work, but also that they would need improved print­ing plates and anoth­er print­er to help them con­tin­ue. Palermo incin­er­at­ed the poor qual­i­ty notes on the farm stove to destroy the evi­dence.

The gang then divid­ed up the small amount of cash that they had made. Cecala and Cina claimed $200 in expens­es for their recent trip, Lupo took $75 for the food sup­plies he had been send­ing and Morello took $50. Lupo com­plained and asked for more cash to cov­er his expens­es, but Morello told him to be sat­is­fied and that there would be more mon­ey lat­er. Comito was given $20 before return­ing to his work at the Calhoun farm.

Early in March, Comito trav­elled with Cecala to 5 Jones Street, New York to meet Giuseppe Calicchio. Born in Puglia, Italy, in 1858, Calicchio had arrived in New York in 1906 before pur­chas­ing his own print shop at 64 Prince Street. Cecala offered Calicchio $20 to help them com­plete their work and to also to pro­duce bet­ter qual­i­ty print­ing plates. 

Calicchio accept­ed and trav­elled with the men to Highland. He worked to retouch and improve the print­ing plates, they were mount­ed on the press and he began mix­ing the inks so they could start work on the new batch of coun­ter­feit $2 notes. Comito and Calicchio print­ed around $32,000 of the new notes. They were of much high­er qual­i­ty due to the improved plates. Unlike Comito, Calicchio was paid well by the gang for his print work, but on occa­sions the two print­ers would dis­cuss try­ing to escape the farm­house and the Morello gang. 

During March 1909, Giglio sold his share of Cina’s farm to Giuseppe Palermo and then rent­ed a new farm near­by, called ‘Spencer Place’. Comito con­tin­ued the work at Calhoun farm with Giglio and Calicchio. Towards the end of the mon­th Lupo, Cecala, Cina and Sylvester arrived with new paper and new plates for $5 bills, the work on the­se began in ear­ly April. After print­ing $3,000, they were wrapped in tow­els and again packed into emp­ty mac­a­roni box­es before being cart­ed away. 

At the end of May, Cina returned to the farm and informed the men that their work was com­plete, they were instruct­ed to dis­man­tle the print­ing press as the gang were wor­ried about police sur­veil­lance. Cina stat­ed that he want­ed to start to count and divide the mon­ey, Nick Sylvester drew his pis­tol and warned the men that the mon­ey was not theirs to count, and they should wait until every­body was regrouped. With this, Cecala left tak­ing just $5 for him­self and Comito made his way back to New York, where he stayed with Katrina in an apart­ment on Thompson Street, rent­ed and paid for by Cecala. 

The Morello gang received more orders for the improved $2 notes which had been a suc­cess. Comito helped the gang pur­chase a new Gordon print­ing press and order inks for the work. Late in June, Comito and Calicchio returned to Highland, how­ev­er, this time they based them­selves at Giglio’s new farm, ‘Spencer Place’.

After a week at the farm Comito was work­ing with a man named ‘Uncle Vincent’, Calicchio had left to pur­chase inks from New York and Giglio had gone to fetch food sup­plies. Two unknown men arrived at the farm one night and asked to speak to the own­er. Vincent and Comito made excus­es, say­ing they were just work­ing at the farm pick­ing cher­ries. The two strangers then left say­ing they would return anoth­er time. Comito, made ner­vous by the vis­i­tors, fled back to New York. 

After two days, Cecala and Cina vis­it­ed Comito at his home, but he refused to return to Highland. With the print­ing now com­plete Cina sold his farm for $5000 and moved his fam­i­ly to Poughkeepsie. The con­tract of sale was signed by him­self and Giuseppe Palermo, who signed his name as Salvatore Saracina. The gang now set to work at sell­ing the large amount of coun­ter­feit mon­ey they had pro­duced.

The Secret Service

In the Summer of 1909, the Secret Service received com­plaints from banks and store own­ers about the influx of fake cur­ren­cy. Travelling to Pittston, Pennsylvania, agent William Flynn began to inves­ti­gate. The bills were tracked down to a Sicilian named Sam Locino. After con­sid­er­able pres­sure from the Secret Service, and assur­ances for his safe­ty, Locino told them were he got the coun­ter­feit notes from. 

He told the agents that a man named Boscarino, based in New York, 60 years old and orig­i­nal­ly from Corleone, was in con­trol of dis­trib­ut­ing the coun­ter­feits. Agent Flynn hatched the plan for Locino to pur­chase more cur­ren­cy from Boscarino, but this time the pur­chase would be made with marked notes from the Secret Service. 

After the trans­ac­tion was made, Boscarino was fol­lowed around New York by Secret Service agents. He was seen enter­ing 236 E 97th Street, a whole­sale gro­cery store once owned by Lupo, now belong­ing to Domenico Milone and Luciano Maddi. This was the first con­nec­tion the agen­cy made between the coun­ter­feit notes and the involve­ment of the Morello gang. 

Agents staked out the gro­cery store, not­ing every­one who entered. They spot­ted Boscarino, Cecala, Morello and even Lupo – who had been miss­ing from New York since his gro­cery busi­ness col­lapsed. They also began to track the gang mem­bers across New York. (Show Details)

Cecala was staked out at the gro­cery store on E 97th Street. He was often seen with Morello as they vis­it­ed var­i­ous address­es across the city, they were also often seen meet­ing with Salvatore Cina.

Morello vis­it­ed many busi­ness­es across New York includ­ing : Saietta and Phillips, Room 211/212 The Rogers Peet Building, 258 Broadway. Frank Zito, 2426 Importers and Traders Building, Stone Street. The com­pa­ny import­ed Lemons from Frank Gambino, a cous­in of Ignazio Lupo based in Sicily. Star Export and Import Company, Room 1001, World Building, City Hall. 

Morello was also seen with his Terranova broth­er-in-laws Vincent and Ciro, referred to by the Secret Service as ‘his mes­sen­gers’.

On October 4th, Cecala was seen at a fruit and veg­etable stand on third avenue with Leo Luca Vassi and Giuseppe Amato who were both help­ing the gang sell the coun­ter­feit notes. On October 28th, Cecala, Cina, Morello, Sylvester and sev­er­al oth­er Italians trav­elled to a Brooklyn saloon at 46 Union Street, Morello was lat­er seen out­side the saloon con­vers­ing with a man called Pecorraro.

On October 29th, Cecala and Cina were fol­lowed to a drug store at 54 Spring Street where Cecala held an apart­ment, here they were seen meet­ing with Giuseppe Boscarino. 

On November 4th, Boscarino was fol­lowed to Morello’s home at 207 E 107th Street, he then left and trav­elled to the store on E 97th Street, where Palermo was spot­ted with Cecala. 

On November 13th, Morello was tracked to Brooklyn where he was seen with Lupo and Pietro Inzerillo. Cecala was lat­er seen at 226 Elizabeth Street in the café belong­ing to Inzerillo that had been involved in the 1903 Barrel Murder.

The Secret Service had also tracked Lupo on a vis­it to Highland, where they learnt from the locals about the farm­house. The agen­cy now had enough evi­dence that the source of the coun­ter­feit notes was indeed the Morello gang. 

The Arrests

On November 15th, 1909, the Secret Service agents fol­lowed Cecala from his apart­ment at 54 Spring Street to the Bowery, he was placed under arrest and tak­en to agent Flynn. On his per­son they found the marked notes that the infor­mant, Locino, had used to pur­chase the cur­ren­cy from Boscarino.

Leo Luca Vasi, Pasquale Vasi and Giuseppe Amato, who han­dled cur­ren­cy for the gang, were arrest­ed after their home was raid­ed at 1600 3rd Avenue, dur­ing the raid the agents found over one thou­sand $2 coun­ter­feit notes. 

Later that day the agents met with offi­cer Carraro from the Italian police squad and went to 207 East 107th, they arrest­ed Giuseppe Morello who was found in bed with a load­ed .44 cal­i­bre revolver. Morello was placed in the front room with his son whilst the agents searched the house, Morello passed two let­ters to his wife to hide but Carraro spot­ted them and informed the agents, they then found a fur­ther four let­ters hid­den inside a baby’s dia­per. Secret Service records describe the let­ters as Black Hand threats that had been issued by Morello him­self. Other let­ters were found ready to mail to Palermo, Chicago and New Orleans. He was arrest­ed along with his step-broth­er Nick Terranova.

Many oth­er mem­ber of the gang were also picked up across the city. Domenico Milone was arrest­ed at the East 97th store. Steve and Colagero LaSala were cap­tured, both lived in the same build­ing as Morello. Antonio LoBaido, Frank Columbo, Giuseppe Mercurio and Luciano Maddi were among the oth­ers that were picked up by the police. 

On November 18th, Lupo was arrest­ed in con­nec­tion with the extor­tion of Manzella, a Manhattan store keep­er who claimed his busi­ness had been ruined by Lupo. On November 22nd, Manzella failed to appear in court and Lupo was freed only to be imme­di­ate­ly rear­rest­ed under a bench war­rant dat­ed April 21st, that charged him with han­dling coun­ter­feit mon­ey in 1902, he was released on $5,000 bail. On November 26th, 1909 the police depart­ment offered a reward that any man in cen­tral office that cap­tured Lupo in con­nec­tion with the Highland coun­ter­feit­ing would be made a first grade detec­tive.

On December 10th, Calicchio was seen enter­ing a house at 231 East 107th. This was the home of a man known as Rizzo who had helped the gang buy a press back in June. Calicchio was lat­er arrest­ed in January after he had trav­elled to Philadelphia.

Comito was arrest­ed, on January 4th, 1910, when nine Secret Service offi­cers and police­men raid­ed his flat. He was tak­en to see agent Flynn where he began to bar­gain for his free­dom by telling him every­thing he knew about the Morello gang. The Service offered him immu­ni­ty and mon­ey in return for his help, they knew he could be a key wit­ness for the pros­e­cu­tion again­st the Morello gang.

On January 5th, agents arrived at Giuseppe Palermo’s store ‘Joe Palermo & Co’ at 11 Duane Street, Poughkeepsie. They arrest­ed Cina and Giglio, then took Cina to his home at 20 Duane Street to search for evi­dence. Other agents went to the Calhoun farm to search for evi­dence of the coun­ter­feit­ing, they were look­ing for the print­ing plates used in the pro­duc­tion of the notes. Even with the help of Comito, who had buried the plates, they could not locate them due to snow­fall in the area. The next day they final­ly dis­cov­ered some engrav­ing blocks, print­ing rags and blocks of wood scat­tered around the farm, all of which would be used as evi­dence.

On January 8th, Secret Service agents gath­ered at 8804 Bay 16th Street, Bath Beach, Brooklyn. The house had been leased by Lupo under the name of Joe La Presti, inside they arrest­ed Lupo and Palermo. A search of the upstairs rooms revealed a revolver, let­ters, pass­ports, and a bank book con­tain­ing the names John Lupo, Joseph La Presti and Giuseppe La Presti. Lupo offered a bribe to the agents but they took the pair direct­ly to the Brooklyn police sta­tion. Palermo offered a bribe of $100 for his free­dom, Lupo also joined in the plea, claim­ing they should release Palermo ‘let this poor old dev­il go, he has noth­ing to do with this’.

Nick Sylvester, who had guard­ed the farms and car­ried mes­sages, was already being held in the Tombs on a sep­a­rate bur­glary charge.

The Court Case

With most of the gang now held, a tri­al date was set for January 28th with Judge Geo. W. Ray, and Comito as the gov­ern­ments star wit­ness. Mirabeau L. Towns, was hired as the defence for Lupo and Morello. A high­ly skilled American lawyer, with the added bonus of being able to speak Italian. 

The Morello fam­i­ly began to build false ali­bis for their impris­oned lead­er, which includ­ed ask­ing the fam­i­ly doc­tor to lie under oath about the health of Giuseppe Morello, claim­ing he had been bed rid­den with rheuma­tism dur­ing 1909. A lie that was easy to reveal for the pros­e­cu­tion. Not only had Morello been trailed by Secret Service, but wit­ness­es from Highland; the post­mas­ter, a bar­ber and sev­er­al tele­phone oper­a­tors were all sum­moned to court to iden­ti­fy the gang. The post­mas­ter told of receiv­ing mail for Morello, and of see­ing him in the town on sev­er­al occa­sions.

Lupo, also lying about his move­ments, claimed that he had been stay­ing in Ardonia, with the Oddo fam­i­ly. Lupo had man­aged to evade the track­ing of the Secret Service since he dis­ap­peared from New York in ear­ly 1909, but he was iden­ti­fied by girls from the Highland tele­phone exchange. They remarked that he had stood out as he was bet­ter dressed than the aver­age Italian. A bar­ber also iden­ti­fied Lupo, who had used his shop for a shave whilst in Highland.

The tri­al was drawn out across sev­en­teen days and final­ly drew to a close on February 19th when the jury took just one hour to reach a deci­sion of guilty for each defen­dant. Before the sen­tences were announced, the court was emp­tied of rel­a­tives and onlook­ers. Around fif­teen detec­tives, all of Marshal Henkel’s deputies and a dozen of Chief Flynn’s men were used to secure the court and keep the cor­ri­dors clear. Security was high after Judge Ray had received death threats in the style of the Black Hand, and a knife had pre­vi­ous­ly been found in Henkel’s office.

Giuseppe Morello, the lead­er of the gang, was sen­tenced on the first count to 15 years hard labour and a $500 fine. On the sec­ond count, 10 years hard labour and a $500 fine. He plead­ed for a sus­pend­ed sen­tence and to be allowed to return to Italy. He was car­ried scream­ing from the court room.

Ignazio Lupo was sen­tenced on the first count to 15 years hard labour and a $500 fine. On the sec­ond count, 15 years hard labour and a $500 fine.

Giuseppe Palermo was sen­tenced on the first count to 15 years hard labour and a $500 fine. On the sec­ond count, 3 years hard labour and a $500 fine.

Antonio Cecala, Salvatore Cina and Vincenzo Giglio were all sen­tenced on the first count to 12 years hard labour and a $500 fine. On the sec­ond count, 3 years hard labour and a $500 fine.

Giuseppe Calicchio, the Neapolitan print­er, was sen­tenced on the first count to 15 years hard labour and a $500 fine. On the sec­ond count, 2 years hard labour and a $100 fine.

Nick Sylvester was sen­tenced on the first count to 10 years hard labour and a $500 fine. On the sec­ond count, 5 years hard labour and a $500 fine. He would lat­er pass infor­ma­tion to the Secret Service dur­ing his time in pris­on. He told them about the pro­duc­tion of the print­ing plates, and to also the fact that Cina had buried the plates on his farm­land, and passed them oth­er infor­ma­tion about Morello gang mem­bers.

The guilty men were removed from court under heavy guard and held in the Tombs. Two days lat­er the gang were trans­port­ed to the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary to begin their sen­tences. The lead­er­ship of the Morello gang had final­ly been caught and con­vict­ed, the sto­ry made the front page of most news­pa­pers.

Further Arrests

Two weeks lat­er, eight more Italians con­nect­ed with the gang were tried, includ­ing Leo Luca Vasi and Giuseppe Amato who had helped dis­trib­ute the mon­ey. The Secret Service were sure that they had smashed the whole coun­ter­feit­ing ring, but some of the coun­ter­feit notes were still com­ing into cir­cu­la­tion dur­ing 1910.

On December 1st 1910, thir­teen Italians were round­ed up across New York city. The police raid­ed a saloon at 86 Chrystie Street run by Vincenzo De Antonio and Salvatore Sabatino. In oth­er raids police arrest­ed Michale Albanese, Vincenzo Perino of 9 Prince Street, Francesco and Modesto De Sonna from a bar­ber­shop at 77 Chrystie Street, George Catania (known as Morello) from 132 Chrystie Street, Rosario Tusso from 172 Chrystie Street and Dominico Saprenza from 22 Stanton Street.

During the raid on Chrystie Street, the police found $1,000 in coun­ter­feit $2 notes in the base­ment of the saloon. They believed Modesto De Sonna and Vincenzo De Antonio to be the ring lead­ers in the oper­a­tion. All the men were charged with pass­ing coun­ter­feit mon­ey, De Antonio was held on $10,000 bail and the rest were held on $2,500 — $5000 bail.

On December 11th, 1910, Giuseppe Boscarino, who had been under sur­veil­lance in 1909 was con­vict­ed by Judge Hugh in the US Circuit Court. He was sen­tenced to 15 years at Atlanta Penitentiary. Comito, again, appeared as a wit­ness for the gov­ern­ment. It was report­ed at the time that Boscarino had been in charge of dis­trib­ut­ing the ‘Morristown Fives’ cur­ren­cy around the time of the Barrel Murder. Domenico Milone, who was also on tri­al, was released on a dis­agree­ment before being re-aresst­ed. Luciano Maddi failed to show and for­feit­ed his bail.

Vincenzo De Antonio, the saloon keep­er from 86 Chrystie Street was con­vict­ed on December 13th 1910, he was also sent to Atlanta Penitentiary. 

Desperate Measures

In January 1911, almost one year after his impris­on­ment for coun­ter­feit­ing, Giuseppe Morello was report­ed to have spo­ken to the Attorney rep­re­sent­ing the US author­i­ties. In the hope of short­en­ing his sen­tence he sup­plied infor­ma­tion about the mur­der of Lieutenant Petrosino. No evi­dence has ever been found of this.

In June 1911, the fam­i­ly man­aged to raise enough mon­ey to get the case sent to the Circuit Court of Appeals:

The case of the gov­ern­ment depend­ed upon the tes­ti­mony of Comito, one of the coun­ter­feit­ers, who turned informer, and of his mis­tress, Katrina, cor­rob­o­rat­ed in many par­tic­u­lars by oth­er wit­ness­es and by cir­cum­stances. There can be no doubt that there was evi­dence to sus­tain the con­vic­tion of all the defen­dants. The plain­tiffs in error rely upon var­i­ous assign­ments intend­ed to show that the tri­al on the whole was not a fair one. It is par­tic­u­lar­ly urged that Lupo and Morello could not have been con­vict­ed but for the unfair atmos­phere that was cre­at­ed by the pros­e­cu­tion. As this charge of unfair­ness is seri­ous and made sin­cere­ly, and the sen­tences imposed were sev­ere, we shall con­sid­er the assign­ments relied upon seri­atim. We may remark pre­lim­i­nar­i­ly that, while things were said and done in the long tri­al which are much to be regret­ted, they cre­ate a more vio­lent impres­sion when brought togeth­er on this hear­ing than they could have made as they occurred sep­a­rate­ly at the tri­al from time to time. The record shows on the whole great regard for the defen­dants rights, and the charge in par­tic­u­lar was full, clear, and unex­cep­tion­able.

The appeal did not suc­ceed. The fol­low­ing years saw the Morello gang try to secure the release of their lead­ers using sev­er­al dif­fer­ent, and des­per­ate approach­es:

In 1912, the Secret Service learnt of con­ver­sa­tions between Nick Terranova and Giuseppe DeMarco to kid­nap agent Flynn’s chil­dren, a plan that Nick turned down as he didn’t want to jeop­ar­dise his broth­ers chance of parole. 

Secret Service agent, Otto F. Klinke, turned again­st his for­mer employ­ers in 1912 and claimed the ser­vice was cor­rupt, a charge that was thrown out by a Federal Grand Jury but only after for­mer agent Klinke had given numer­ous inter­views in the press along with John Lupo, Ignazio Lupo’s broth­er. Agent Flynn was not­ed as say­ing the charges were inspired by the Morello gang. 

The Terranova broth­ers start­ed a semi-polit­i­cal club called ‘The White Doves’ with a view to get­ting a foothold in pol­i­tics. Nick Terranova had con­tact with an Italian politi­cian from Chicago who claimed he could secure his step-broth­ers release for $15,000, $500 upfront and the remain­der paid on release, but noth­ing ever came of it.

A smok­er was held in Harlem, with tick­ets sold at $1 each, the Secret Service learnt that the pro­ceeds were to be used to bribe the guards at the Atlanta Penitentiary to allow Morello and Lupo to escape.

All of the gangs attempts at secur­ing a release failed. 

Giglio died from ill­ness in Atlanta Penitentiary on 5th May 1914. Cecala and Sylvester were paroled on 21st February 1915. Cina was paroled from the Atlanta Penitentiary in November 1916. Calicchio and Palermo were paroled in 1920. Morello’s sen­tence was com­mut­ed to 15 years and he was released in 1920. Lupo received a con­di­tion­al com­mu­ta­tion and was also released in 1920.

Morello & Lupo’s rule came to an end when they were impris­oned, the pow­er shift­ed to var­i­ous oth­er char­ac­ters in East Harlem